Romoa, AS, Shadlen, MN, Skottun, BC and Freeman, RD (1986). A comparison of inhibition in orientation and spatial frequency selectivity of cat visual cortex. Nature 321: 237-239. [Medline]


Shadlen, MN and Carney, T (1986). Mechanisms of human motion perception revealed by a new cyclopean illusion. Science 232: 95-97. [Medline][PDF]


Carney, T, Shadlen, MN and Switkes, E (1987). Parallel processing of motion and colour information. Nature 328: 647-649. [Medline]


Ramoa, AS, Shadlen, MN and Freeman, RD (1987). Dark-reared cats: Unresponsive cells become visually responsive with microiontophoresis of an excitatory amino acid. Experimental Brain Research 65: 658-665. [Medline]


Britten, K, Shadlen, MN, Newsome, WT and Movshon, JA (1992). The analysis of visual motion: a comparison of neuronal and psychophysical performance. Journal of Neuroscience 12: 4745-4767. [Medline] [PDF]


Carney, T and Shadlen, MN (1992). Binocularity of early motion mechanisms: comments on Georgeson and Shackleton. Vision Research 32(1): 187-191. [Medline]


Britten, K, Shadlen, MN, Newsome, WT and Movshon, JA (1993). Responses of neurons in macaque MT to stochastic motion signals. Visual Neuroscience 10: 1157-1169. [Medline] [PDF]


Carney, T and Shadlen, MN (1993). Dichoptic activation of the early motion system. Vision Research 33(14): 1977-1995. [PDF]


Engel, SA, Rumelhart, DE, Wandell, BA, Lee, AT, Glover, GH, Chichilnisky, E-J and Shadlen, MN (1994). FMRI of human visual cortex. Nature 369: 525. [Medline]


Zohary, E, Shadlen, MN and Newsome WT (1994). Correlated neuronal discharge rate and its implications for psychophysical performance. Nature 370: 140-143. [Medline]


Britten, KH, Newsome, WT, Shadlen, MN, Celebrini, S and Movshon, JA (1996). A relationship between behavioral choice and the visual responses of neurons in macaque MT. Visual Neuroscience 13: 87-100. [Medline] [PDF]


Shadlen, MN, Britten, KH, Newsome, WT and Movshon, JA (1996). A computational analysis of the relationship between neuronal and behavioral responses to visual motion. Journal of Neuroscience 16: 1486-1510. [Medline][PDF]


Shadlen, MN and Newsome, WT (1996). Motion perception: seeing and deciding. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 93: 628-633. [Medline] [PDF]


Olshen, RA and Shadlen, MN (1997). Discussion of "Non-linear Fourier time series analysis for human brain mapping" by N. Lange and S.L. Zeger. Applied Statistics, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (Series C) 46: 22.


Shadlen, MN and Newsome, WT (1998). The variable discharge of cortical neurons: implications for connectivity, computation and information coding. Journal of Neuroscience 18: 3870-3896.[Medline] [PDF]


Kim, J-N and Shadlen, MN (1999). Neural correlates of a decision in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of the macaque. Nature Neuroscience 2(2): 176-185. [Medline] [PDF]


Leon, MI and Shadlen, MN (1999). Effect of expected reward magnitude on the response of neurons in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of the macaque. Neuron 24: 415-425.[Medline] [PDF]


Gold, JI and Shadlen, MN (2000) Representation of a perceptual decision in developing oculomotor commands. Nature, 404: 390 - 394. [PDF]


Gold, JI and Shadlen, MN (2001) Neural computations that underlie decisions about sensory stimuli. Trends in Cog Sci 5:10-16. [PDF]


Shadlen MN, Newsome WT (2001) Neural basis of a perceptual decision in the parietal cortex (Area LIP) of the rhesus monkey. J Neurophysiol, 86:1916-1936. [PDF]


Mazurek, ME and Shadlen, MN (2002) Limits to the temporal fidelity of cortical spike rate signals. Nature Neurosci: 5:463-471 (plus web suppl.). [PDF]


Roitman, JD and Shadlen, MN (2002) Response of neurons in posterior parietal cortex (area LIP) during a combined reaction-time direction-discrimination task. J. Neurosci 22:9475-9489. [PDF]


Gold, JI and Shadlen, MN (2003). The influence of behavioral context on the representation of a perceptual decision in developing oculomotor commands. J. Neurosci 23: 632-651. [PDF]


Leon, M and Shadlen, MN (2003). Representation of time by neurons in the posterior parietal cortex of the macaque. Neuron, 38:317-327. [PDF]


Ditterich, J., Mazurek, M., and Shadlen, M. N. (2003). Microstimulation of visual cortex affects the speed of perceptual decisions. Nature Neurosci 6:891-898. [PDF]


Mazurek, M. E., Roitman, J. D., Ditterich, J., and Shadlen, M. N. (2003). A role for neural integrators in perceptual decision-making. Cereb Cortex 13:1257-1269. [PDF]


Palmer, J., A. C. Huk, et al. (2005). "The effect of stimulus strength on the speed and accuracy of a perceptual decision." J Vision 5: 376-404. [PDF]


Janssen, P. and M. N. Shadlen (2005). "A representation of the hazard rate of elapsed time in macaque area LIP." Nat Neurosci 8(2): 234-241. [PDF]


Huk, A.C. and M.N. Shadlen, Neural activity in macaque parietal cortex reflects temporal integration of visual motion signals during perceptual decision making. J Neurosci, 2005. 25(45): p. 10420-10436. [PDF]


Hanks TD, Ditterich J, Shadlen MN (2006) Microstimulation of macaque area LIP affects decision-making in a motion discrimination task. Nat Neurosci 9:682-689. [PDF]




Shadlen, MN (1982). Refugees of El Salvador: a firsthand account of their precarious health and safety. The New Physician 5: 24-29. [PDF]


Shadlen, MN and Newsome, WT (1994). Noise, neural codes and cortical organization. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 4: 569-579. [Medline][web] [PDF]


Shadlen, MN and Newsome, WT (1995). Is there a signal in the noise? Current Opinion in Neurobiology 5: 248-250. [web] [PDF]


Shadlen, MN (1997). Look but don't touch, or vice versa. Nature 386: 122-123. [Medline]


Leon, MI and Shadlen, MN (1998). Exploring the neurophysiology of decisions. Neuron 21: 669-672. [Medline] [PDF]


Shadlen, MN and Movshon, JA (1999). Synchrony unbound: a critical evaluation of the temporal binding hypothesis. Neuron 24: 67-77. [PDF]


Gold JI, Shadlen MN (2002) Banburismus and the brain: decoding the relationship between sensory stimuli, decisions, and reward. Neuron 36:299-308. [PDF]


Shadlen MN (2002) Pursuing commitments. Nat Neurosci 5:819-821. [PDF]


Kiani R, Hanks TD, Shadlen MN (2006) When is enough enough? Nat Neurosci 9:861-863. [PDF]



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Newsome, WT, Shadlen, MN, Zohary, E, Britten, KH and Movshon, JA (1995). Visual motion: linking neuronal activity to psychophysical performance. The Cognitive Neurosciences, M.S. Gazzaniga, Ed. MIT Press.


Shadlen, MN (2002). Rate versus Temporal Coding of Information in the Cerebral Cortex. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science, Macmillan. [PDF]


Shadlen MN, Gold JI (2004) The neurophysiology of decision-making as a window on cognition. In: The Cognitive Neurosciences, 3rd edition. (Gazzaniga MS, ed): MIT Press. [PDF]


Shadlen, M.N., T.D. Hanks, A.K. Churchland, R. Kiani, and T. Yang, The speed and accuracy of a simple perceptual decision: a mathematical primer, in Bayesian Brain: Probabilistic Approaches to Neural Coding., K. Doya, S. Ishii, R. Rao, and A. Pouget, Editors. 2006, MIT Press: Cambridge. [preprint]